THE TRYAL OF SIR HENRY VANE, KNIGHT. AT THE KINGS BENCH, WESTMINSTER, JUNE THE 2D. AND 6TH. 1662. TOGETHER WITH WHAT HE INTENDED TO HAVE SPOKEN THE DAY OF HIS SENTENCE (JUNE 11.) FOR ARREST OF JUDGMENT, (HAD HE NOT BEEN INTERRUPTED AND OVER-RULED BY THE COURT) AND HIS BILL OF EXCEPTIONS. WITH OTHER OCCASIONAL SPEECHES, &c. ALSO HIS SPEECH AND PRAYER, &c. ON THE SCAFFOLD
London printing of 1662;- 135 pages with a poem, ‘on the sufferings of the renowned Sir H. Vane, Knight.’ to the last page 134 and on page 135 ‘ the printer to the reader’ errata leaf. The book starts on page 5, THE TRYAL OF SIR HENRY VANE, KT. AT THE KINGS BENCH, WESTMINSTER, JUNE THE 2D. AND 6TH. 1662. ;- Reader;- otherwise a scarce/rare book. Brown leather spine, with faded marbled paper to the covers. Page 48 censored on six lines with old ink scribble out, the same on page 55, but also hand-written notes in old ink. ex-libro of New College, London on ink stamps.
1st. Edition and the only edition;- Henry Vane was born in England in 1613, came to New England in 1635, and was elected governor of Massachusetts the following year, aged only twenty-three. Deeply religious, Vane was among the most radical of Puritans. He supported Anne Hutchinson during the Antinomian crisis, and became a close ally of John Cotton. Vane's stay in Massachusetts was tempestuous, and he returned to England in 1637 to become a member of the Long Parliament, though his interest in New England continued. Vane was instrumental in procuring the Rhode Island charter, and his friendly efforts to aid the New England colonies were appreciated by Roger Winthrop and Roger Williams. Soon after the fall of Cromwell and the restoration of the monarchy he was imprisoned for two years, convicted of treason, and executed. Lowndes says "THE TRYAL was written by a Sectarist in favour of Vane and printed by stealth." The text contains the speech he had intended to speak from the scaffold (but was forbidden by court order) which would have elaborated his revolutionary ideas on parliamentary supremacy and the compact between ruler and ruled, issues that resounded in colonial American history for more than the next one hundred years.