King Henry VIII Copy, Hand-written on Vellum.
Garter & Statutes 1521
Henry VIII copy, bound for Henry VIII by Thomas Berthelet; later owned by Edward VI and Elizabeth I, all Sovereigns of the Order. These are the original Statutes founded by King Edward III who founded the Order of the Garter around the time of his claim to the French throne.1344;- In 1530? The Statutes themselves were revised by Henry VIII in the consequences of the English Reformation.
This hand-written Manuscript Book of “The Rules of the Order of the Garter” was ordered by Henry VIII to be written in 1521 and presented to Henry VIII in 1522, we knew this by reading the first opening page of the hand-written Manuscript Book, and the dedication to Henry VIII and reference to Henry VIII been Lord of Ireland, Henry became King of Ireland in 1530, all this is written in the first few opening lines. Early Manuscripts of the Garter & Statutes are excessively rare, this been the oldest complete copy. The present copy is not only a beautiful example, but is an historical relic of unusual interest and importance.
This is the only copy of a hand-written Manuscript Book of
“The Rules of the Order of the Garter” ordered and dedicated to Henry VIII, in 1521. The hand-written Manuscript has 44 Vellum Pages x2=88 of hand-written Rules of the Order of the Garter. The script is Black Lettres Batardes, Bastarda was a Gothic script used at the time in Manuscript writing.
The hand-coloured Armorial Coats of Arms and Tudor Rose and the Crest of Henry VIII to the opening pages of this complete Manuscript of Henry VIII's “The Rules of the Order of the Garter”. The Manuscript is complete in all details, with each heading of each paragraph of the Rules in hand -coloured Rubrication lettering decoration initial, at the beginning of each paragraph. The Vellum pages are very clean throughout. This is an extremely rare hand-written Manuscript written at the request of Henry VIII.
Hand-written note to the margins in red ink throughout. The hand-written book is old style Black Lettres Batardes, English text to the front half of the manuscript and has 54 Paragraphs, starting with an elaborate coloured Lettering, opening to the beginning of each paragraph..and the French text again Black Lettres Batardes to the second half of the hand-written manuscript, it has 16 Paragraphs, each paragraph has an elaborate coloured Lettering, opening to the beginning of the paragraph.
Written on fine Vellum, Vellum was by its nature more labor-intensive to produce than paper and therefore a pricier commodity, Vellum was used only for the Royal Family at the time, so very few 16th-century books in England were printed or written on at the time. The Royal Arms of Henry VIII himself are emblazoned on the open Vellum page with the Tudor Rose, is encircled by a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense, which is the motto of the Order of the Garter. Gold lions and fleurs-de-lis adorned the escutcheon. The escutcheon is encircled by a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense, which is the motto of the Order of the Garter. Above the Order of the Garter, is the magnificent Imperial Crown of Henry VIII.
The Royal Arms of Edward VI himself are emblazoned in gold on the front and back original vellum binding. Again Gold lions and fleurs-de-lis adorned the escutcheon. The escutcheon is encircled by a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense, which is the motto of the Order of the Garter. Above the Order of the Garter, is the magnificent Imperial Crown of Henry VIII, now used by his only Son, King Edward VI, born in 1537 – died 6 July 1553 was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death in 1553 at the young age of 15. King Edward's Coat of Arms adorns the front and back covers of the hand-written Manuscript. The Manuscript was probable use as part of his education, the Manuscript was given to a very young Edward by his Father Henry VIII.
The last vellum page has hand-written personal note to Queen Elizabeth I of England by the Early of Effingham an Uncle of Her's and the personal note is in a different hand style then the earlier hand of 1521, and is to the end of the vellum pages, this note is dated 1588, in the handwriting of the Earl of Effingham, to Elizabeth I of England. It would appear that the Manuscript was bound by Thomas Berthelet, royal printer and bookbinder to Henry VIII;- Berthelet held the office of King's Printer under Henry VIII. As holder of that post he received an annuity of £4. Berthelet remained in the position until Henry's death. As holder, he printed the king's statutes and proclamations. Henry died in 1547. The Manuscript was given by Henry VIII to his only Son, Prince Edward, who upon Henry’s death became Edward VI. We know this because of the Gold Crowned Armorial coat-of-arms;- Honi soit qui mal y pense circles the shield of the French Crown, altered the Royal Arms of England by quartering his paternal Arms of Plantagenet with the fleurs de lys of the Royal Arms of France, and Crowned Armorials coat-of-arms; with the letters E R on both sides of the coat of arms;
This is the coat of arms of King Edward VI. There are two later copies, one in the Victorian & Albert Museum with a date of 1597 so much later, and not complete, Also their manuscript is on paper, the other is in the Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C. in America, their copy is about 1600? and missing more then a third of the Manuscript Book.
The Statutes and Ordinances of the Order of the Garter of St. George 1521?;- Henry VIII’s own copy, With the Tudor Rose of Henry Tudor. hand coloured to the opening pages. Honi soit qui mal y pense circles the shield of the French Crown, altered the Royal Arms of England by quartering his paternal Arms of Plantagenet with the fleurs de lys of the Royal Arms of France, and Crowned Armorials coat-of-arms; with the letters E---R on either side of the coat of arms;- Dedicated to Henry VIII the Defender of the Faith, Lord of Ireland.
"Defender of the Faith" has been one of the subsidiary titles of the English and later British monarchs since it was granted on 11 October,1521, by Pope Leo X to King Henry VIII of England. His wife Catherine of Aragon was also a Defender of the Faith in her own right. The title was conferred in recognition of Henry's book Assertio Septem Sacramentorum (Defence of the Seven Sacraments), which defended the sacramental nature of marriage and the supremacy of the Pope. This was also known as the "Henrician Affirmation" and was seen as an important opposition to the early stages of the Protestant Reformation, especially the ideas of Martin Luther.
Following Henry's decision to break with Rome in 1530 and establish himself as head of the Church of England, the title was revoked by Pope Paul III.
In the 1530s, Henry VIII was declared King of Ireland by statute of the Parliament of Ireland, before 1530 Henry VIII was known as Lord of Ireland.
King Edward III founded the Order of the Garter around the time of his claim to the French throne in 1344
The earliest written mention of the Order is found in Tirant lo Blanch, an outstanding chivalric romance written in Valencia mainly by Joanot Martorell. It was first published in 1490. This book devotes a chapter to the description of the origin of the Order of the Garter. The Order of the Garter is the oldest and most prestigious order of chivalry in the United Kingdom.
So we can date this Manuscript to about 1521? with its original parchment cover, embossed in gold, front and back covers of Henry's coat of arms as Prince of Wales later King Henry VIII. Gold line borders also on the front and back covers. Five gold embosses of the Tudor Rose along the spine, divided with double gold ruled lines.. The book is hand stitched to the binding, but in remarkable good condition.